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Bio-climatic design, or bio-climatic architecture, is the design of buildings and spaces (both indoor and outdoor) that seeks to ensure thermal and visual comfort conditions through the extensive use of passive cooling and heating systems.
For this purpose, it utilizes solar energy and other renewable sources, the local climate, typically referred to as micro-climates, as well as the properties of building materials and architectural elements. Bio-climatic design is a branch of architecture that considers the principles of ecology and sustainability, aiming to protect the environment and natural resources.
The goal of bio-climatic design is to achieve maximum comfort for building occupants by utilizing natural conditions and environmental resources.
Bio-climatic design includes the following elements:
1. Solar Utilization: Design considers solar radiation for heating spaces in winter and providing solar protection in summer.
2. Natural Ventilation:Ensuring natural airflow to maintain good air quality and reduce the energy required for ventilation.
3. Thermal Insulation: Using insulation materials to maintain thermal comfort within the building.
4. Shading Design: Shading devices for windows and surfaces to minimize overheating in summer.
5. Use of Natural Resources: Harnessing renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power, along with bio-climatic architecture, to reduce energy consumption.
Overall, bio-climatic design aims to create sustainable and environmentally friendly spaces that offer comfort and energy efficiency.